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Öğretmen Adaylarının Eğitim Programı Kuramları Yönelimlerini Ayrıştıran Değişkenler / Variables that Differentiating Pre-service Teachers' Curriculum Theories Orientations

Year 2023, Volume: 14 Issue: 5, 526 - 550, 22.10.2023
https://doi.org/10.19160/e-ijer.1365894

Abstract

Eğitim programları alanında kuram-uygulama sorunsalına ilişkin tartışmalar yapılan araştırmalara yansımaktadır. Bu yansımanın sonuçlarından biri eğitim programı kuramlarını temel alarak geliştirilen ölçme araçlarıdır. Eğitim programı kuramı yönelimi eğitimcilerin eğitim programı uzmanları tarafından geliştirilen kuramlara dayalı olarak eğitim programı kavramını anlamlandırmayı, eğitim programını uygulamayı ve eğitim süreçlerindeki konumlamalarını içermektedir. Araştırmada eğitim fakültesinde öğrenim gören lisans öğrencileri örnekleminde geliştirilen “Eğitim Programı Kuramları Yönelim Envanteri” kullanılmıştır. Bu araştırmanın amacı lisans öğrencilerinin eğitim programı kuramları yönelimini ayrıştıran değişkenleri belirlemektir. Araştırmanın bağımsız değişkenleri olan cinsiyet, derse katılma durumu, öğretmenlik uygulaması dersini alma durumu ve öğrenim görülen bölümü betimlemek için frekans analizi kullanılmıştır. Diğer bağımsız değişkenler olan akademik başarı grubunun kategorilerini belirlemek için hiyerarşik kümeleme analizi ve sosyo-ekonomik düzeyin kategorilerini belirlemek için iki adımlı kümeleme analizi kullanılmıştır. Lisans öğrencilerinin eğitim programı kuramları yönelimini ayrıştıran değişkenleri belirlemek için MANOVA ve Hotelling T-kare analizleri kullanılmıştır. Araştırmanın sonucunda kadın lisans öğrencilerinin betimleyici eğitim programı kuramları yönelimlerinin, sosyo-ekonomik düzeyi yüksek olan öğrencilerin eleştirel-açımlayıcı eğitim programı kuramları yönelimlerinin, derslere daha fazla katılan öğrencilerin ise kuralcı ve betimleyici eğitim programı kuramları yönelimlerinin daha yüksek olduğu belirlenmiştir. Bu sonuçlar bağlamında eleştirel ve entelektüel öğretmenler yetiştirilmek isteniyorsa, eğitim fakültesi lisans öğrencilerinin sosyal, kültürel, sanatsal ve bilimsel yönlerinin güçlendirilmesi ve Eğitim Fakültesinde görev yapan öğretim elemanlarının eleştirel ve entelektüel olma bağlamında lisans öğrencilerine rol model olmaları gerekmektedir.

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Variables that Differentiating Pre-service Teachers' Orientations Towards Curriculum Theories / Öğretmen Adaylarının Eğitim Programı Kuramları Yönelimlerini Ayrıştıran Değişkenler

Year 2023, Volume: 14 Issue: 5, 526 - 550, 22.10.2023
https://doi.org/10.19160/e-ijer.1365894

Abstract

Discussions regarding the theory-practice problem in the field of curriculum are reflected in the research conducted. One of the results of this reflection is measurement tools developed based on curriculum theories. Curriculum theory orientation includes educators' understanding of the concept of curriculum, implementation of the curriculum, and their positioning in educational processes based on the theories developed by curriculum experts. The "Inventory of Orientations in Curriculum Theories (IOCT)", developed on a sample of undergraduate students studying at the faculty of education, was used in the research. This research aims to determine the variables that differentiate undergraduate students' orientation toward curriculum theories. Frequency analysis was used to describe the independent variables of the study: gender, attendance at the course, status of taking the teaching practice course, and the department studied. Hierarchical cluster analysis was used to determine the categories of the academic achievement group, which are the other independent variables, and two-step cluster analysis was used to determine the categories of socio-economic level. MANOVA and Hotelling T-square analyses were used to determine variables that differentiate undergraduate students' orientation towards curriculum theories. As a result of the research, it was determined that female undergraduate students had higher descriptive curriculum orientations, students with higher socio-economic levels had higher critical-explanatory curriculum theories orientations, and students who attended classes more often had higher prescriptive and descriptive curriculum theories orientations.

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Details

Primary Language Turkish
Subjects Other Fields of Education (Other)
Journal Section Issue Articles
Authors

Ersin TÜRE
Erzincan Üniversitesi
0000-0001-8110-575X
Türkiye

Publication Date October 22, 2023
Published in Issue Year 2023Volume: 14 Issue: 5

Cite

APA
TÜRE, E. (2023). Öğretmen Adaylarının Eğitim Programı Kuramları Yönelimlerini Ayrıştıran Değişkenler / Variables that Differentiating Pre-service Teachers’ Curriculum Theories Orientations. E-Uluslararası Eğitim Araştırmaları Dergisi, 14(5), 526-550. https://doi.org/10.19160/e-ijer.1365894

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