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The Role of Sports in School Belonging of Syrian Refugee Students in Turkey / Türkiye'deki Suriyeli Mülteci Öğrencilerin Okula Aidiyetlerinde Sporun Rolü

Year 2022, Volume: 13 Issue: 2, 1 - 17, 30.04.2022
https://doi.org/10.19160/e-ijer.1024983

Abstract

In this study, it is aimed to determine how being in school sports teams with Turkish students affects the sense of school belonging of Syrian students and to analyze the process before and after joining school sports teams. Explanatory sequential design, one of the mixed research methods, was used in the research. In the quantitative aspect of the study, a school belonging scale was applied to a total of 472 Syrian and Turkish students. In the qualitative dimension, interviews were conducted with 7 Syrian students in the school sports teams. Syrian students have a lower level of school belonging compared to Turkish students. When the school belonging levels of the Syrian students who are in the school sports team and the Syrian students who are not in the school sports teams are compared, it has been revealed that there is a significant difference in favor of the Syrian students who are in the school sports teams. Qualitative interviews were also found to support these findings. As a result of the research, it is shown that the participation of Syrian students in sports activities can prevent many psychosocial problems they experience in school. At the same time, it is seen that sports teams can contribute to Syrian students' forming a social circle of friends, socialization, accelerating the adaptation process, cooperation, complying with school rules, and increasing their level of satisfaction with the school.

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Türkiye'deki Suriyeli Mülteci Öğrencilerin Okula Aidiyetlerinde Sporun Rolü / The Role of Sports in School Belonging of Syrian Refugee Students in Turkey

Year 2022, Volume: 13 Issue: 2, 1 - 17, 30.04.2022
https://doi.org/10.19160/e-ijer.1024983

Abstract

Bu araştırmada okul spor takımlarında Türk öğrencilerle birlikte yer almanın Suriyeli öğrencilerin okul aidiyet duygularına nasıl etki ettiğinin belirlenmesi ile okul spor takımlarına katılmadan ve katıldıktan sonraki sürecin analiz edilmesi amaçlanmıştır. Araştırmada karma araştırma yöntemlerinden açımlayıcı sıralı desen kullanılmıştır. Araştırmanın nicel boyutunda toplam 472 Suriyeli ve Türk öğrenciye okul aidiyet ölçeği uygulanmıştır. Nicel veri setinin yapı geçerliliğinin sınanması için doğrulayıcı faktör analizi yapılmıştır. Verilerin analizinde jamovi 1.8.1 kullanılırken DFA analizinde ise AMOS 23 istatistik programı kullanılmıştır. Nitel boyutunda ise okul spor takımlarında yer alan 7 Suriyeli öğrenci ile görüşme yapılmıştır. Araştırmanın nitel bölümünden elde edilen veriler Braun ve Clarke’ın tematik analiz prosedürlerine göre analiz edilmiştir. Suriyeli öğrencilerin Türk öğrencilere kıyasla okul aidiyetleri daha düşük düzeyde çıkarken, okul spor takımında yer alan Suriyeli öğrencilerle okul spor takımlarında yer almayan Suriyeli öğrencilerin okul aidiyet düzeyleri karşılaştırıldığında ise okul spor takımlarında yer alan Suriyeli öğrenciler lehine anlamlı bir farklılık olduğu ortaya çıkmıştır. Nitel görüşmelerin de bu bulguları destekler nitelikte olduğu belirlenmiştir. Araştırma sonuncunda Suriyeli öğrencilerin sportif faaliyetlerde yer almasının okul içerisinde yaşadıkları birçok psikososyal sorunların önüne geçebileceğini göstermektedir. Aynı zamanda spor takımları aracılığıyla Suriyeli öğrencilerin sosyal arkadaş çevresi oluşturmasına, sosyalleşmesine, uyum sürecinin hızlanmasına, işbirliğine, okul kurallarına uymasına, okuldan memnuniyet düzeylerinin de artmasına katkı sağlayabileceği görülmektedir.

References

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  • Aykora, E., & Uğraş, S. (2020). Investigation of the Relationship between Attitude Against Extracurricular Sport Activities and Levels of Attachment to School of High School Students With Structural Equation Model, International Journal of Eurasian Education and Culture, 9, 561-592.
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  • Creswell, J. W., & Plano Clark, V. L. (2015). Karma yöntem araştırmaları: Tasarımı ve yürütülmesi (2nd ed.). Y. Dede & S.B. Demir (ed.). Anı Yayıncılık.
  • Çokluk, Ö., Şekercioğlu, G., & Büyüköztürk, Ş. (2016). Sosyal bilimler için çok değişkenli istatistik SPSS ve LISREL uygulamaları (4nd ed.). Anı Yayıncılık.
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  • Fazel, M., & Stein, A. (2002). The mental health of refugee children. Archives of disease in childhood, 87(5), 366-370.
  • Fussan, N. (2006). Einbindung Jugendlicher in Peer-Netzwerke. Welche Integrationsvorteile erbringt die Mitgliedschaft in Sportvereinen?. ZSE: Zeitschrift für Soziologie der Erziehung und Sozialisation, 26(4), 383-402.
  • Picton, F., & Banfield, G. (2020) A story of belonging: schooling and the struggle of students of refugee experience to belong, Discourse: Studies in the Cultural Politics of Education, (41):6, 841-853, DOI: 10.1080/01596306.2018.1552921
  • George, D., & Mallery, M. (2010). SPSS for windows step by step: A simple guide and reference. 17,0 update (10a ed.). Pearson.
  • Goodenow, C., & Grady, K. E. (1993). The relationship of school belonging and friends' values to academic motivation among urban adolescent students. The Journal of Experimental Education, 62(1), 60-71.
  • Gökmen, H. (2020). Suriyeli göçmen öğrencilerin Türk eğitim sistemine entegrasyon sorunu (Bursa Yıldırım ilçesi örneği). The ıntegratıon problem of syrıan mıgrant students to the turkısh educatıon system (bursa yıldırım dıstrıct example)] Yüksek Lisans Tezi, Uludağ Üniversitesi, Bursa.
  • Grey, M. A. (1992). Sports and immigrant, minority and Anglo relations in Garden City (Kansas) high school. Sociology of Sport Journal, 9(3), 255-270.
  • Grimminger-Seidensticker, E., & Möhwald, A. (2017). Intercultural education in physical education: Results of a quasi-experimental intervention study with secondary school students. Physical Education and Sport Pedagogy, 22(5), 445–458.
  • Heptinstall, E., Sethna, V., & Taylor, E. (2004). PTSD and depression in refugee children. European child & adolescent psychiatry, 13(6), 373-380.
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Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Studies on Education
Journal Section Issue Articles
Authors

Ahmet Enes SAĞIN 0000-0002-4243-8276

Mehmet Akif YÜCEKAYA 0000-0003-3853-5660

Sinan UĞRAŞ 0000-0003-0792-1497

Cenk TEMEL 0000-0001-6777-085X

Publication Date April 30, 2022
Published in Issue Year 2022Volume: 13 Issue: 2

Cite

APA SAĞIN, A. E., YÜCEKAYA, M. A., UĞRAŞ, S., TEMEL, C. (2022). The Role of Sports in School Belonging of Syrian Refugee Students in Turkey / Türkiye’deki Suriyeli Mülteci Öğrencilerin Okula Aidiyetlerinde Sporun Rolü. E-Uluslararası Eğitim Araştırmaları Dergisi, 13(2), 1-17. https://doi.org/10.19160/e-ijer.1024983

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