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Büyük ve Küçük Şehir Bağlamında Uluslararası Yükseköğretim Mezunlarının Türkiye ve Türkçe İzlenimleri / The Impressions of the Higher Education International Graduates for Turkish Language and Turkey in The Context of Big and Small City

Year 2021, Volume 12, Issue 4, 1 - 19, 31.10.2021
https://doi.org/10.19160/e-ijer.924649

Abstract

Son üç yıldır Türkiye, yükseköğretimde uluslararası öğrencilerin varlığı açısından dünyanın ilk 10 ülkesinden biri hâline gelmiştir. Bu çalışma, Türkiye'yi uluslararası öğrenciler için cazip kılan olası nedenleri bulmak için uluslararası mezunların (1) ülke seçimi nedenleri (2) şehir seçimi nedenleri (3) Türkçe öğrenme deneyimleri, (4) mezunların sosyal ve eğitim hayatlarında yaşadığı avantaj ve dezavantajları büyük ve küçük bir şehir bağlamında karşılaştırmalı olarak ele almıştır. Veriler Türkiye'de eğitimini tamamlayıp ülkelerine dönen 42 uluslararası mezun ile görüşmeler yapılarak elde edilmiştir. Sonuçlar, Türkiye tarafından desteklenen bursların uluslararası öğrenci hareketliliğini çekmede en büyük paya sahip olduğunu göstermektedir. Mezunların Türkiye seçiminin diğer nedenleri ise eğitim olanakları, dini yakınlık, kültürel yakınlık ve ucuzluktur. Mezunlar tarafından İstanbul bireysel özgürlüğe, kişisel gelişime alan açan kalabalık bir şehir olarak algılanırken, Edirne ucuz ve sakin bir şehir olarak algılanmakta ve bu sakinlik uluslararası bireyleri ön plana çıkarabilmektedir. Eğitim dili Türkçe olan bölümlerde öğrenim gömüş mezunlar hazırlık sınıflarındaki Türkçe öğretimi ve öğretmenlerin niteliği hakkında olumsuz görüşler belirtirken, eğitim dili İngilizce olan bölümlerden mezun olanlar olumlu görüş bildirerek Türkçe öğretimini yeterli bulmuşlardır. Dil öğrenirken, mezunlar Türkçe ekler, ü ve ö gibi harfleri seslendirme, çekingenlik, nasıl söyleneceğini düşünmekten dolayı fikir geliştirememe ve sınırlı mobil uygulamadan kaynaklı materyal eksikliği sorunları yaşamışlardır. Uluslararası mezunların sosyal ve eğitim hayatlarında yaşadığı avantaj ve dezavantajlar ile çalışmanın diğer sonuçları uluslararası literatür bağlamında tartışılmıştır.

References

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  • Lomer, S. (2018). UK policy discourses and international student mobility: the deterrence and subjectification of international students. Globalisation, Societies and Education Volume 16(3), 308-324. https://doi.org/10.1080/14767724.2017.1414584
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  • Özçakmak, H. (2017). New trends of the postgraduate research on Turkish language education (2011-2015). Uluslararası Türkçe Edebiyat Kültür Eğitim Dergisi, 6(3), 1607-1618. https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/download/article-file/351121
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The Impressions of International Higher Education Alumni about Turkish Language and Turkey in the Context of Big and Small Cities / Büyük ve Küçük Şehir Bağlamında Uluslararası Yükseköğretim Mezunlarının Türkiye ve Türkçe İzlenimleri

Year 2021, Volume 12, Issue 4, 1 - 19, 31.10.2021
https://doi.org/10.19160/e-ijer.924649

Abstract

In the last three years, in terms of the presence of international students in higher education, Turkey has become one of the top 10 countries in the world. This study aims at finding the reasons that make Turkey attractive for international students. With this aim, (1) reasons for country choice, (2) reasons for city choice, (3) Turkish learning experiences and (4) advantages and disadvantages of social and educational life experienced by alumni were investigated comparatively in the context of a big city and a small city. Data were obtained by conducting interviews with 42 international alumni who had completed their studies in Turkey and went back to their countries. The results indicated that scholarships supported by the Turkish state had the highest popularity in attracting international student mobility. The other reasons for selecting Turkey were educational opportunities, religious affinity, cultural affinity, and inexpensiveness. Istanbul was perceived as a crowded city that provides space for individual freedom and plenty of personal development, while Edirne was perceived as an inexpensive and calm city, and this calmness made internationals stand out. The alumni who studied in Turkish-medium departments stated negative opinions about the quality of Turkish language teaching and teachers at language preparation classes, while the alumni who studied in English-medium departments found Turkish teaching sufficient. While learning the Turkish language, the alumni had problems with Turkish suffixes, vocalizing letters like ü and ö, diffidence, inability to develop ideas because of thinking about how to say things, and limited mobile application material support. The advantages and disadvantages of social and educational life and other results of the study were discussed in the context of the international literature.

References

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  • Adoum, S. Y. (2017). Determining of burn-out level for local and foreigner students in Süleyman Demi̇rel University (Unpublished master’s thesis]. Süleyman Demirel University, Isparta, Turkey.
  • Akgedik, M. (2019). Experiences, problems, and solution offers of international students upon their adaptation year (Unpublished master’s thesis). Yıldırım Beyazıt University, Ankara, Turkey.
  • Akıl, Ö. (2018). A sociological study on foreign students studying at the Cumhuriyet University (Unpublished master’s thesis). Cumhuriyet University, Sivas, Turkey.
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  • Bayatlı, E. (2019). Relationship between physical activity level and depression and anxiety in pre- undergraduate students in Edirne (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). Trakya University, Edirne, Turkey.
  • Billedo, C. J., Kerkhof, P., & Finkenauer, C. (2020). More Facebook, less homesick? Investigating the short-term and long-term reciprocal relations of interactions, homesickness, and adjustment among international students. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 75, 118-131. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijintrel.2020.01.004
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  • Brunsting, N. C., Zachry, C., & Takeuchic, R. (2018). Predictors of undergraduate international student psychosocial adjustment to US universities: A systematic review from 2009-2018. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 66, 22-33. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijintrel.2018.06.002
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  • Creswell, J. W. (2014). Research design: Qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods approach (4th ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
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  • Ercan, A. (2019). Adaptation of international students in higher education in Turkey: The sample of Muğla (Unpublished master’s thesis). Muğla Sıtkı Koçman University, Muğla, Turkey.
  • Erkan, S., Özbay, Y., Cihangir-Çankaya, Z. & Terzi, Ş. (2012). University students’ problem areas and psychological help-seeking willingness. Education and Science, 37(164), 94-107. http://egitimvebilim.ted.org.tr/index.php/EB/article/view/402
  • França, T., Alves, E., & Padilla, B. (2018). Portuguese policies fostering international student mobility: A colonial legacy or a new strategy? Globalisation, Societies and Education, 16(3), 325-338. https://doi.org/10.1080/14767724.2018.1457431
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  • Guo, Y. & Guo, S. (2017). Focus understanding the international student experience internationalization of Canadian higher education: Discrepancies between policies and international student experiences. Studies in Higher Education, 42(5), 851-868. https://doi.org/10.1080/03075079.2017.1293874
  • Gürez, M. F. (2018). Üniversite öğrenci harcamalarının analizi ve karşılaştıkları sorunlar hakkında bir araştırma: Şanlıurfa örneği (Unpublished master’s thesis). Hasan Kalyoncu University, Gaziantep, Turkey.
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  • Hou, C., Fan, P., Du, D., Gui, Q., & Duan, D. (2020). Does international student mobility foster scientific collaboration? Evidence from a network analysis. Compare: A Journal of Comparative and International Education. https://doi.org/10.1080/03057925.2020.1765316
  • Jones, E. (2017). Problematising and reimagining the notion of ‘international student experience’. Studies in Higher Education, 42(5), 933-943. https://doi.org/10.1080/03075079.2017.1293880
  • Kacur, M. & Atak, M. (2011). Problems fields of university students and cope with the problems: Erciyes University sample. Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi, 31(2), 273-297. https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/erusosbilder/issue/23765/253325
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  • Karuppan, C. M. & Barari, M. (2010). Perceived discrimination and international students' learning: an empirical investigation. Journal of Higher Education Policy and Management, 33(1) 67-83. https://doi.org/10.1080/1360080X.2011.537013
  • Kim, J. (2020). International students’ intercultural sensitivity in their academic socialisation to a non-English-speaking higher education: A Korean case study. Journal of Further and Higher Education, 44(7), 939-955. https://doi.org/10.1080/0309877X.2019.1627298
  • Kölbel, A. (2018). Imaginative geographies of international student mobility. Social & Cultural Geography, 21(1), 86-104. https://doi.org/10.1080/14649365.2018.1460861
  • Konyar, M. (2019). Academic Turkish needs analysis of the international students: Sample course content (Unpublished master’s thesis). Tokat Gaziosmanpaşa University, Tokat, Turkey.
  • Levent, F. & Çayak, S. (2017). School administrators’ views on Syrian students’ education in Turkey. HAYEF Journal of Education, 14(1), 21-46. https://www.hayefjournal.org/Content/files/sayilar/64/21.pdf
  • Lomer, S. (2018). UK policy discourses and international student mobility: the deterrence and subjectification of international students. Globalisation, Societies and Education Volume 16(3), 308-324. https://doi.org/10.1080/14767724.2017.1414584
  • Merriam, S. B. & Tisdell, E. J. (2016). Qualitative research: a guide to design and implementation (4th ed.). San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.
  • Mok, H., Xiong, W., Kea, G., & Cheung, J. O. W. (2021). COVID-19 pandemic on international higher education and student mobility: Student perspectives from mainland China and Hong Kong. International Journal of Educational Research, 105, 101718. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijer.2020.101718
  • Özçakmak, H. (2017). New trends of the postgraduate research on Turkish language education (2011-2015). Uluslararası Türkçe Edebiyat Kültür Eğitim Dergisi, 6(3), 1607-1618. https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/download/article-file/351121
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Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Education, Scientific Disciplines
Journal Section Issue Articles
Authors

Sümeyye KONUK (Primary Author)
TRAKYA UNIVERSITY
0000-0003-0896-0711
Türkiye

Publication Date October 31, 2021
Published in Issue Year 2021, Volume 12, Issue 4

Cite

APA Konuk, S. (2021). The Impressions of International Higher Education Alumni about Turkish Language and Turkey in the Context of Big and Small Cities / Büyük ve Küçük Şehir Bağlamında Uluslararası Yükseköğretim Mezunlarının Türkiye ve Türkçe İzlenimleri . e-Uluslararası Eğitim Araştırmaları Dergisi , 12 (4) , 1-19 . DOI: 10.19160/e-ijer.924649
Creative Commons Lisansı
Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-SA 4.0)