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Psychometric Properties and Factor Structure of the Turkish Version of the Short Form of Behavioral Activation for Depression Scale (BADS-SF) in Non-Clinical Adults / Davranışsal Aktivasyon Depresyon Ölçeği-Kısa Formu’nun (DADÖ-KF) Türkçe Uyarlamasının Klinik Olmayan Yetişkin Örnekleminde Psikometrik Özellikleri

Year 2023, Volume: 14 Issue: 3, 198 - 211, 30.06.2023
https://doi.org/10.19160/e-ijer.1227934

Abstract

Behavioral activation therapy is an evidence-based method to reduce depression in individuals with depressive symptoms. Behavioral activation therapy basically focuses more on two types of behaviour. The first one is behavioral activation, which is expressed as increased engagement in enjoyable social activities as a result of increased reinforcement resources. The second type of behavior is avoidance, which occurs when a person's sources of reward become less, leading them to avoid engaging in social activities. Individuals with depressive symptoms are less likely to engage in enjoyable activities, resulting in a decrease in activation levels and an increase in avoidance behaviors. Therefore, determining the activation levels contributes to the effective execution of a possible intervention in depression. Accordingly, Manos and colleagues (2011) developed the Behavioral Activation for Depression Scale-Short Form to measure the activation levels of individuals. This study aimed to examine the psychometric properties of the Turkish translation of the Behavioral Activation for Depression Scale-Short Form. We recruited a non-clinical sample group of 540 participants (F/M = 368/172) aged between 18 and 44 (M=22.57, SD=3.670) using the convenience sampling method. We performed exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses by forming two different sub-samples. As a result of these analyses, we found that the two-factor, eight-item structure consisting of activation and avoidance subscales showed a good fit. In addition, we found that the internal consistency coefficients for the entire scale and activation subscale were moderate and good, while they were weak for the avoidance subscale but were at an acceptable level. We examined the relationship between depression and life satisfaction for criterion validity. We observed that the Behavioral Activation for Depression Scale-Short Form has a negative correlation with depression and a positive correlation with life satisfaction and showed that the criterion validity is ensured based on the results obtained. Accordingly, we showed that the Turkish version of the Behavioral Activation for Depression Scale-Short Form has sufficient qualifications to measure the activation level in adults.

References

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Davranışsal Aktivasyon Depresyon Ölçeği-Kısa Formu’nun (DADÖ-KF) Türkçe Uyarlamasının Klinik Olmayan Yetişkin Örnekleminde Psikometrik Özellikleri / Psychometric Properties and Factor Structure of the Turkish Version of the Short Form of Behavioral Activation for Depression Scale (BADS-SF) in Non-Clinical Adults

Year 2023, Volume: 14 Issue: 3, 198 - 211, 30.06.2023
https://doi.org/10.19160/e-ijer.1227934

Abstract

Davranışsal aktivasyon terapisi depresif belirtiler gösteren bireylerde depresyonu azaltmak amacıyla kullanılan kanıta dayalı bir terapi yöntemidir. Davranışsal aktivasyon terapisi temelde iki davranışa daha çok odaklanmaktadır. Birincisi bireyin pekiştirme kaynaklarının artması sonucu sosyal çevresinde keyif alıcı etkinliklere daha çok katılması olarak ifade edilen davranışsal aktivasyondur. İkincisi ise bireyin pekiştirme kaynaklarının azalması anlamına gelen ve sosyal faaliyetlerden uzaklaşmasına neden olan kaçınma davranışıdır. Depresif belirtiler gösteren bireylerde keyif verici aktivitelere katılmada bir isteksizlik yani aktivasyon düzeylerinde bir azalma görülürken kaçınma davranışlarında ise bir artış meydana gelir. Bu nedenle depresyon müdahalelerinde aktivasyon düzeylerinin belirlenmesi önemli veriler sağlayarak müdahalenin etkili bir şekilde yürütülmesine katkıda bulunur. Bu doğrultuda Manos vd., (2011) bireylerin aktivasyon seviyelerinin ölçülmesine yönelik Davranışsal Aktivasyon Depresyon Ölçeği-Kısa Formu’nu geliştirmişlerdir. Bu çalışmanın amacı Davranışsal Aktivasyon Depresyon Ölçeği-Kısa Formu’nun Türkçe çevirisinin psikometrik özelliklerini incelemektir. Kolay örnekleme yöntemiyle yaşları 18-44 (M=22.57 SD=3.670) arasında değişen 540 (368 Kadın; 172 Erkek) katılımcıdan oluşan klinik olmayan bir örneklem grubu oluşturduk. İki farklı alt örneklem grubu oluşturarak açımlayıcı ve doğrulayıcı faktör analizlerini gerçekleştirdik. Analizler sonucunda aktivasyon ve kaçınma alt boyutlarından oluşan iki faktörlü sekiz maddeli yapının iyi uyum gösterdiğini bulduk. Ayrıca iç tutarlılık katsayıları tüm ölçek ve aktivasyon alt boyutunda orta ve iyi düzeydeyken kaçınma alt boyutu için zayıf olsa da kabul edilebilir düzeyde olduğunu tespit ettik. Ölçüt geçerliği için depresyon ve yaşam doyumu arasındaki ilişkiyi inceledik. Elde edilen korelasyonlar sonucunda; Davranışsal Aktivasyon Depresyon Ölçeği-Kısa Formu depresyonla negatif, yaşam doyumu ile pozitif anlamlı bir ilişkisinin olduğunu ve elde edilen sonuçlar doğrultusunda ölçüt geçerliğinin sağlandığı gördük. Bu doğrultuda Davranışsal Aktivasyon Depresyon Ölçeği-Kısa Formu’nun Türkçe versiyonunun yetişkinlerde aktivasyon düzeyini ölçmek için yeterli nitelikleri sahip olduğunu gösterdik.

References

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  • Coto-Lesmes, R., Fernández-Rodríguez, C., & González-Fernández, S. (2020). Acceptance and Commitment Therapy in group format for anxiety and depression. A systematic review. Journal of Affective Disorders, 263, 107-120. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2019.11.154
  • Cuijpers, P., van Straten, A., & Warmerdam, L. (2007). Behavioral activation treatments of depression: A meta-analysis. Clinical Psychology Review, 27(3), 318-326. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cpr.2006.11.001
  • Dağlı, A., & Baysal, N. (2016). Adaptation of the satisfaction with life scale into Turkish: The study of validity and reliability. Electronic Journal of Social Sciences, 15(59), 1250-1262.
  • Diener, E., Emmons, R. A., Larsen, R. J., & Griffin, S. (1985). The Satisfaction With Life Scale. Journal of Personality Assessment, 49(1), 71-75. https://doi.org/10.1207/s15327752jpa4901_13
  • Dimidjian, S., Barrera, M., Martell, C., Muñoz, R. F., & Lewinsohn, P. M. (2011). The origins and current status of behavioral activation treatments for depression. Annual review of clinical psychology, 7, 1-38. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev-clinpsy-032210-104535
  • Ekers, D., Richards, D., & Gilbody, S. (2008). A meta-analysis of randomized trials of behavioural treatment of depression. Psychological Medicine, 38(5), 611-623. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0033291707001614
  • Erkuş, A. (2007). Ölçek geliştirme ve uyarlama çalışmalarında karşılaşılan sorunlar. Türk Psikoloji Bülteni, 13(40), 17-25.
  • Ferster, C. B. (1973). A functional anlysis of depression. The American psychologist, 28(10), 857-870. https://doi.org/10.1037/h0035605
  • Fuhr, K., Hautzinger, M., Krisch, K., Berking, M., & Ebert, D. D. (2016). Validation of the Behavioral Activation for Depression Scale (BADS)—Psychometric properties of the long and short form. Comprehensive Psychiatry, 66, 209-218. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1016/j.comppsych.2016.02.004
  • Geisinger, K. F. (1994). Cross-Cultural Normative Assessment: Translation and Adaptation Issues Influencing the Normative Interpretation of Assessment Instruments. Psychological Assessment, 6, 304-312.
  • Grosscup, S. J., & Lewinsohn, P. M. (1980). Unpleasant and pleasant events, and mood. Journal of clinical psychology, 36(1), 252-259. https://doi.org/10.1002/1097-4679(198001)36:1&lt;252::aid-jclp2270360131&gt;3.0.co;2-s
  • Henson, R. K., & Roberts, J. K. (2006). Use of Exploratory Factor Analysis in Published Research: Common Errors and Some Comment on Improved Practice. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 66(3), 393-416. https://doi.org/10.1177/0013164405282485
  • Hisli, N. (1989). A reliability and validity study of Beck Depression Inventory in a university student sample. J Psychol, 7(23), 3-13.
  • Jacobson, N. S., Dobson, K. S., Truax, P. A., Addis, M. E., Koerner, K., Gollan, J. K., Gortner, E., & Prince, S. E. (1996). A component analysis of cognitive-behavioral treatment for depression. Journal of consulting and clinical psychology, 64(2), 295.
  • Jain, S., & Angural, V. (2017). Use of Cronbach's alpha in dental research. Medico Research Chronicles, 4(03), 285-291.
  • Kaiser, H. F., & Rice, J. (1974). Little Jiffy, Mark Iv. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 34(1), 111-117. https://doi.org/10.1177/001316447403400115
  • Kanter, J. W., Mulick, P. S., Busch, A. M., Berlin, K. S., & Martell, C. R. (2006). The Behavioral Activation for Depression Scale (BADS): Psychometric Properties and Factor Structure. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 29(3), 191. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10862-006-9038-5
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Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Studies on Education
Journal Section Educational Sciences and Sciences of Field Education
Authors

Yavuz KOŞAN 0000-0003-4118-4777

M. Siyabend KAYA 0000-0001-9614-249X

Publication Date June 30, 2023
Published in Issue Year 2023Volume: 14 Issue: 3

Cite

APA KOŞAN, Y., & KAYA, M. S. (2023). Psychometric Properties and Factor Structure of the Turkish Version of the Short Form of Behavioral Activation for Depression Scale (BADS-SF) in Non-Clinical Adults / Davranışsal Aktivasyon Depresyon Ölçeği-Kısa Formu’nun (DADÖ-KF) Türkçe Uyarlamasının Klinik Olmayan Yetişkin Örnekleminde Psikometrik Özellikleri. E-Uluslararası Eğitim Araştırmaları Dergisi, 14(3), 198-211. https://doi.org/10.19160/e-ijer.1227934

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