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University Students’ Loneliness, Anxiety and Mental Well-Being during COVID-19 Pandemic: The Mediation Role of Self-Control / COVID-19 Pandemisi Sürecinde Üniversite Öğrencilerinde Yalnızlık, Kaygı ve Mental İyi Oluş: Öz Kontrolün Aracılık Rolü

Year 2022, Volume 13, Issue 5, 109 - 131, 30.10.2022
https://doi.org/10.19160/e-ijer.1134080

Abstract

How the mental health of individuals is affected by the living conditions brought about the COVID-19 pandemic has become an important research topic. Education has been one of the most affected areas in this period, and educational activities have started to be carried out using distance education tools. In the online learning environments, students' ability to manage their behavior and take responsibility for their behavior has come to the fore in terms of protecting their mental health due to the decrease in teacher control. This study aimed to examine the mediating role of self-control in the relationship between loneliness, anxiety and mental well-being. Four hundred twenty-five university students, 304 (71.5%) females and 121 (28.5%) males participated in the study. The mean age of the participants was 21.39, the standard deviation was 2.61, and the ages ranged from 18 to 39. Research data were collected by using the Turkish version of the Warwick-Edinburgh Mental Well-Being Scale, Brief Self-Control Scale, Generalized Anxiety Disorder-7 Scale, and UCLA Loneliness Scale. In the study, descriptive statistics, reliability coefficients and correlation coefficients were calculated to examine the relationships among the variables. Two-step structural equation modeling was used to investigate the mediating role of self-control between loneliness and anxiety and mental well-being. The results of the correlation analysis showed that all the variables in the study were significantly related to each other. It was found that the data validated the measurement model tested in the first step. As a result of the structural model analysis performed in the second step, it was found that loneliness and anxiety negatively predicted self-control and mental well-being. In addition, self-control was found to mediate the relationship between loneliness, anxiety and mental well-being. Within the framework of these findings, it can be stated that loneliness and anxiety lead to a decrease in mental well-being by reducing self-control.

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COVID-19 Pandemisi Sürecinde Üniversite Öğrencilerinde Yalnızlık, Kaygı ve Mental İyi Oluş: Öz Kontrolün Aracılık Rolü / University Students’ Loneliness, Anxiety and Mental Well-Being during COVID-19 Pandemic: The Mediation Role of Self-Control

Year 2022, Volume 13, Issue 5, 109 - 131, 30.10.2022
https://doi.org/10.19160/e-ijer.1134080

Abstract

Bireylerin ruh sağlığının COVID-19 salgınının getirdiği yaşam koşullarından nasıl etkilendiği sıklıkla araştırılan önemli konulardan birisi haline gelmiştir. Bu dönemde eğitim en çok etkilenen alanlardan birisi olmuş ve eğitim faaliyetleri uzaktan eğitim araçları kullanılarak yürütülmeye başlanmıştır. Uzaktan eğitim getirdiği öğrenme ortamlarında ise öğretmen kontrolünün azalması nedeniyle öğrencilerin kendi davranışlarını yönetme becerileri ve kendi davranışlarının sorumlulukları almaları ruh sağlıklarını korumaları açısından ön plana çıkmıştır. Bu araştırmada, yalnızlık, kaygı ve mental iyi oluş arasındaki ilişkide öz-kontrolün aracı rolünün incelenmesi amaçlanmıştır. Araştırmaya 304’ü (%71.5) kadın, 121’i (%28.5) erkek olmak üzere toplamda 425 üniversite öğrencisi katılmıştır. Katılımcıların yaş ortalamaları 21.39 ve yaşlarının standart sapması 2.61 olup katılımcıların yaşları 18 ile 39 arasında değişmektedir. Araştırma verileri Warwick-Edinburgh Mental İyi Oluş Ölçeği, Kısa Öz Kontrol Ölçeği, Genelleştirilmiş Anksiyete Bozukluğu-7 Ölçeği ve UCLA Yalnızlık Ölçeği'nin Türkçe versiyonu kullanılarak toplanmıştır. Araştırmada değişkenlere ilişkin genel değerlendirmenin yapılması ve değişkenler arası ilişkilerin incelenmesi için betimsel istatistikler, güvenirlik katsayıları ve korelasyon katsayıları hesaplanmıştır. Öz-kontrolün yalnızlık ve kaygı ile mental iyi oluş arasındaki aracılık rolünü incelemek için ise iki aşamalı yapısal eşitlik modellemesi kullanılmıştır. Korelasyon analizi sonuçları araştırmadaki tüm değişkenlerin birbiri ile anlamlı düzeyde ilişkili olduğunu göstermiştir. İki aşamalı yapısal eşitlik modellemesi analizlerinin ilk aşamasında test edilen ölçme modelinin veri tarafından doğrulandığı bulunmuştur. İkinci aşamada yapılan yapısal model analizi sonucunda, yalnızlık ve kaygının öz-kontrol ve mental iyi oluşu negatif yönde yordadığı bulunmuştur. Ayrıca öz-kontrolün, yalnızlık, kaygı ve mental iyi oluş arasındaki ilişkiye aracılık ettiği bulunmuştur. Bu bulgular çerçevesinde, yalnızlık ve kaygının, öz kontrolü azaltma yoluyla mental iyi oluş düzeyinin düşmesine yol açtığı söylenebilir.

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Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Education, Scientific Disciplines
Journal Section Issue Articles
Authors

Ahmet Rıfat KAYİŞ> (Primary Author)
KASTAMONU ÜNİVERSİTESİ, EĞİTİM FAKÜLTESİ
0000-0003-4642-7766
Türkiye


Mustafa Öztürk AKCAOĞLU>
KASTAMONU ÜNİVERSİTESİ, EĞİTİM FAKÜLTESİ
0000-0003-2155-4822
Türkiye

Publication Date October 30, 2022
Published in Issue Year 2022, Volume 13, Issue 5

Cite

APA Kayiş, A. R. & Akcaoğlu, M. Ö. (2022). University Students’ Loneliness, Anxiety and Mental Well-Being during COVID-19 Pandemic: The Mediation Role of Self-Control / COVID-19 Pandemisi Sürecinde Üniversite Öğrencilerinde Yalnızlık, Kaygı ve Mental İyi Oluş: Öz Kontrolün Aracılık Rolü . e-Uluslararası Eğitim Araştırmaları Dergisi , 13 (5) , 109-131 . DOI: 10.19160/e-ijer.1134080

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editor@e-ijer.com                http://www.e-ijer.com            Ege University, Faculty of Education, Eğitim Sciences Departmant, 35040 Bornova / İzmir