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Counseling’s Effect on Psychological Flexibility: A Quasi Experimental Study / Psikolojik Danışma’nın Psikolojik Esnekliğe Etkisi: Yarı-Deneysel bir Çalışma

Year 2022, Volume: 13 Issue: 2, 74 - 89, 30.04.2022
https://doi.org/10.19160/e-ijer.1063518

Abstract

College students experience biopsychosocial, spiritual and economic issues from mild to severe levels. However, most of these students are not able to utilize professional mental health services to address their issues. Therefore, overall wellbeing of the students can decrease and/or these issues can turn into more severe psychopathology. Researchers showed that high psychological flexibility scores are related to overall wellbeing while low psychological flexibility scores are related with diverse psychological disorders. Our aim in this study was to examine how counseling service provided to college students affect their psychological flexibility level. In this study, we had a quasi-experimental design and a total of 164 students who comprised the sample: 133 in experimental and 31 in control group. In this current study, under professional supervision, 110 counselor candidates provided five sessions to each client in the experimental group. We used Turkish version of Acceptance and Action Questionnaire-II (AAQ-II) to examine the psychological flexibility. We use Multivariate Analysis of Covariance technique for data analysis. Overall, following the intervention, the results indicated that the psychological inflexibility scores, for the experimental group was significantly lower than the control group. The results mean following the intervention, psychological flexibility scores were higher for the experimental group compared to the control group. Based on the results, controlling for the pretest, being in the control or experimental group explained 12% (η2= .120) of the variance in the posttest for psychological inflexibility. This is a moderate effect size based on Cohen’s d (1988; 2013). As a result, receiving counseling service seems significantly increasing the psychological flexibility scores for this sample. There is lack of such research in Turkey that makes this study very important. We discussed research results and suggested implications for future research, supervision, and advocacy in mental health.

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Psikolojik Danışma’nın Psikolojik Esnekliğe Etkisi: Yarı-Deneysel bir Çalışma / Counseling’s Effect on Psychological Flexibility: A Quasi Experimental Study

Year 2022, Volume: 13 Issue: 2, 74 - 89, 30.04.2022
https://doi.org/10.19160/e-ijer.1063518

Abstract

Üniversite öğrencileri hafiften ağır düzeye olmak üzere biyopsikososyal, manevi ve ekonomik meseleler yaşamaktadır. Bu öğrencilerin büyük bir kısmı bu meselelerini yeterince işlevsel bir şekilde, profesyonel ruh sağlığı hizmetleri yoluyla, ele alamamakta. Böylece öğrencilerin genel iyilik hali düzeyi düşebilmekte veya bu meseleler daha kompleks psikopatolojilere dönüşebilmekte. Birçok araştırmacı psikolojik esnekliğin insanın yaşadığı psikopatolojik ve genel iyilik halleriyle anlamlı bir ilişkisi olduğunu bulmuştur. Bu bilgiler ışığında, bu araştırmada bireysel psikolojik danışma hizmetinin üniversite öğrencilerinin psikolojik esneklik düzeyi üzerindeki etkisini inceledik. Mevcut çalışmada ön test son test kontrol gruplu yarı deneysel deseni kullandık. Deney grubunda 133 ve kontrol grubunda 31 üniversite öğrencisi danışan yer aldı. Eş zamanlı olarak profesyonel süpervizyon alan 110 psikolojik danışman adayı deney grubundaki her bir danışana beş oturumluk bireysel psikolojik danışma hizmeti verdi. Katılımcıların psikolojik esneklik düzeylerini belirlemek üzere Kabul ve Eylem Formu-II’yi veri toplama aracı olarak kullandık. Verilerin analizinde kovaryans analizini (ANCOVA) kullandık. Elde edilen bulgulara göre bireysel psikolojik danışmanlık hizmetinin danışanların psikolojik katılık puanlarını anlamlı düzeyde düşürdüğü diğer bir ifadeyle psikolojik esneklik düzeyini pozitif yönde anlamlı bir düzeyde artırdığı görülmüştür. Analiz sonuçları deney ve kontrol grubunda yer almanın, ön-test kontrol edildiğinde, psikolojik katılık son-test puanındaki değişkenliğin yaklaşık %12 (η2= .120)’sini açıkladığını göstermiştir. Cohen’e (1988, 2013) göre bu değer orta düzeyde bir etki büyüklüğüne işaret etmektedir. Türkçe yazılan ilgili alan yazında bireysel psikolojik danışma hizmetinin psikolojik esneklik üzerindeki etkisinin yarı-deneysel çalışmalarla ele alındığı bir araştırmaya araştırmacılar olarak rastlamadığımızdan araştırmanın ruh sağlığı alanında teorik araştırma ve ilgili psikolojik danışma hizmetlerine katkı sağlayacağını düşünmekteyiz. Çalışmanın sonuçlarını göz önünde bulundurarak ruh sağlığı uzmanları, araştırmacılar ve yöneticiler için önerilerde bulunduk. Gelecekteki araştırmacılar yenilikçi bir nitel araştırma tekniği olan Online Seslifoto (OSF) yönteminden de faydalanarak karma yöntemlerle daha kapsamlı tam deneysel çalışmalar düzenleyerek verilen hizmetlerin etkisini daha işlevsel ve bütüncül olarak ele alabilir.

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  • Arslan, G. & Genç, E. (2022). Psychological maltreatment and college student mental wellbeing: A uni and multi-dimensional effect of positive perception. Children and Youth Services Review, 134, 106371. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.childyouth.2022.106371
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  • Arslan, G., Yıldırım, M., Tanhan, A., Buluş, M., & Allen, K. A. (2021). Coronavirus stress, optimism-pessimism, psychological inflexibility, and psychological health: Psychometric properties of the Coronavirus Stress Measure. International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction, 19(6), 2423–2439. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11469-020-00337-6
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  • Boylu, A., & Paçacıoğlu B. (2016). Yaşam kalitesi ve göstergeleri. Akademik Araştırmalar ve Çalışmalar Dergisi, 8(15), 137-150. https://doi.org/10.20990/kilisiibfakademik.266011
  • Buluş, M., & Şahin, S. G. (2019). Estimation and standardization of variance parameters for planning cluster-randomized trials: A short guide for researchers. Eğitimde ve Psikolojide Ölçme ve Değerlendirme Dergisi, 10(2), 179-201. https://doi.org/10.21031/epod.530642
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  • Çiçek, İ., Tanhan, A., & Buluş, M. (2021). Psychological inflexibility predicts depression and anxiety during Covid,19 Pandemic. I-Manager’s Journal on Educational Psycholoyg,15(1), 21-34.
  • Daks, J. S., Peltz, J. S., & Rogge, R. D. (2020). Psychological flexibility and inflexibility as sources of resiliency and risk during a pandemic: Modeling the cascade of COVID-19 stress on family systems with a contextual behavioral science lens. Journal of Contextual Behavioral Science, 18, 16-27. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcbs.2020.08.003
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Details

Primary Language Turkish
Subjects Studies on Education
Journal Section Issue Articles
Authors

Ahmet TANHAN 0000-0002-4972-8591

Erol UĞUR 0000-0003-1974-2621

İlhan ÇİÇEK 0000-0003-0266-8656

Ahmet NALBANT 0000-0002-9519-499X

Aysun KALENDEROĞLU 0000-0002-8216-8610

Project Number yok
Publication Date April 30, 2022
Published in Issue Year 2022Volume: 13 Issue: 2

Cite

APA TANHAN, A., UĞUR, E., ÇİÇEK, İ., NALBANT, A., et al. (2022). Psikolojik Danışma’nın Psikolojik Esnekliğe Etkisi: Yarı-Deneysel bir Çalışma / Counseling’s Effect on Psychological Flexibility: A Quasi Experimental Study. E-Uluslararası Eğitim Araştırmaları Dergisi, 13(2), 74-89. https://doi.org/10.19160/e-ijer.1063518

Creative Commons Lisansı
Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-SA 4.0)


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