Research Article
PDF Zotero Mendeley EndNote BibTex Cite

What is digital leadership? A suggestion of the definition

Year 2021, Volume 12, Issue 3, 68 - 81, 31.08.2021
https://doi.org/10.19160/e-ijer.946094

Abstract

When the literature is examined, it is seen that what the concept of digital leadership is and how it should be understood is not clearly understood and there is no consensus on the definition of the concept. From this point of view, in this study, it is aimed to form a definition of the concept of digital leadership by examining the studies on digital leadership, which is a new concept. Basic qualitative research was used in the research. The research is limited to English studies in the international literature on digital leadership between 2012 and 2020, which have a clear definition of the concept in the studies. Document analysis was used as a data collection tool in the research. As a result of scanning, 13 studies were reached in accordance with the criteria determined. Three of these are books, one of them is a congress paper, two of them are research reports, and seven of them are articles. Content analysis was used in the analysis of the data. Definitions of digital leadership were gathered under themes of change, using technology, and innovation. In the definitions under the theme of change, the codes of change, transformation and vision creation were emphasized. Code concepts of using digital tools, using technology, managing technology under the theme of using technology; under the theme of innovation, the concepts of thinking differently, an innovation culture and focusing on innovation were emphasized. In line with the findings, a definition of the concept of digital leadership has been suggested.

References

  • Abbatiello, A., Knight, M., Philpot, S., & Roy, I. (2017). Leadership disrupted: Pushing the boundaries. In Rewriting the rules for the digital age: Global human capital trends (pp. 77-85). London: Deloitte University Press. https://www.slq.qld.gov.au/blog/leadership-disrupted-pushing-boundaries-2017-global-human-capital-trends
  • Ahlquist, J. (2014). Trending now: Digital leadership education using social media and the social change model. Journal of Leadership Studies, 8(2), 57-60.
  • Aksal, F. A. (2015). Okul kültüründe müdürler dijital lider mi? Eğitim ve Bilim, 40(182), 77-86.
  • Arslanhan Memiş, S. (2018). Dijitalleşmenin ekonomik boyutu. H. Aksu, Dijitopya: Dijital dönüşüm yolculuk rehberi içinde. İstanbul: Pusula Yayıncılık.
  • Asri, A. A. S. M. A. N., & Darma, G. S. (2020). Revealing the digital leadership spurs in 4.0 industrial revolution. International Journal of Business, Economics & Management, 3(1), 93-100. https://doi.org/10.31295/ijbem.v3n1.135.
  • Bass, B. M., & Avolio, B. J. (1993). Transformational leadership and organizational culture. Public Administration Quarterly, 17(1), 112-121.
  • Benson, L. E. (2018). Leadership skills in the digital age: Implications for university business schools. Journal of Eastern European and Central Asian Research (JEECAR), 5(2), 80- 89.
  • Bolte, S., Dehmer, J., & Niemann, J. (2018). Digital leadership 4.0. Acta Technica Napocensis-Series: Applied Mathematics, Mechanics, And Engineering, 61(4), 637-646.
  • Creswell, J. W. (2003). Research design: Qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods approaches (2nd edition). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
  • Çalışkan, A., Akkoç, İ., & Turunç, Ö. (2019). Yenilikçi davranış: Bir ölçek uyarlama çalışması. Uluslararası İktisadi ve İdari Bilimler Dergisi, 5(1), 94-111.
  • Çelebi, F. (2021). Dijital çağda liderlik ve girişimcilik. Ankara: İksad Yayınevi.
  • Çelen, A. İ. (2020, Aralık). Dijital dönüşüm sürecinde yükselen bir değer: Dijital liderlik. In H. Karadal, M. N. Efe, A. M. Abubakar, & K. Karadal (Eds.), Proceedıngs e-book (pp. 449-461). Papers presented at International CEO Communication, Economics, Organization & Social Sciences Congress, Bosnia Herzegovina, Gorajde: Dilkur Akademi.
  • Domeny, J. V. (2017). The relationship between digital leadership and digital implementation in elementary schools (Doctoral dissertation). Southwest Baptist University, Bolivar, Missouri.
  • El Sawy, O. A., Kræmmergaard, P., Amsinck, H., & Vinther, A. L. (2016). How LEGO built the foundations and enterprise capabilities for digital leadership. MIS Quarterly Executive, 15(2), 141- 166.
  • Elçi, Ş. (2006). İnovasyon kalkınmanın ve rekabetin anahtarı. Ankara: Pelin Ofset.
  • Fisk, P. (2002). The making of a digital leader. Business Strategy Review, 13(1), 43-50.
  • Gareth, R. J. (2001). Organizational theory and cases. London: Prentice Hall International Inc.
  • Guba, E. G., & Lincoln, Y. S. (2005). Paradigmatic controversies, contradictions and emerging confluences. In. N. K. Denzin, & Y. S. Lincoln (Eds.), The sage handbook of qualitative research (pp. 191-216). Thousands Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications, Inc.
  • Hearsum, S. (2015). How to develop digital leadership capability. Strategic HR Review, 14(5). https://doi.org/10.1108/SHR-08-2015-0059
  • İrge, N. T. (2018, November-December). Digital leadership. In G. Telli, & I. Shelenkova (Eds.), Proceedıngs (pp. 21-27). Papers presented at The International Congress on Business and Marketing, İstanbul, Turkey: Maltepe University.
  • Jakubik, M., & Berazhny, I. (2017, May). Rethinking leadership and it´s practices in the digital Era. In Managing the global economy (pp. 471-483). Papers presented at Management International Conference, Monastier di Treviso, Italy: University of Primorska Press.
  • Jones-Lester, K. E. (2019). School leaders’ activity, implementation, and appropriation of digital integration (Doctoral dissertation). Texas Wesleyan University, Texas.
  • Kane, G. C., Palmer, D., Phillips, A. N., Kiron, D. & Buckley, N., (2019). Accelerating digital innovation inside and out. MIT Sloan Management Review and Deloitte Insights. https://www2.deloitte.com/content/dam/Deloitte/lu/Documents/deloitte-digital/lu-accelerating-digital-innovation.pdf
  • Larjovuori, R. L., Bordi, L., Mäkiniemi, J. P., & Heikkilä-Tammi, K. (2016, September). The role of leadership and employee well-being in organizational digitalization. In T. Russo-Spenaand, & C.Mele (Eds.), What’s ahead in service research? New perspectives for business and society (pp.1141-1154). Papers presented at 26th RESER 2016 Conference, Naples, Italy: University of Naples Federico II.
  • Malakyan, P. G. (2019). Digital leader-followership for the digital age: A North American perspective. In M. Franco (Ed.), Digital leadership -A new leadership style for the 21st century. IntechOpen. https://www.intechopen.com/books/digital-leadership-a-new-leadership-style-for-the-21st-century/digital-leader-followership-for-the-digital-age-a-north-american-perspective
  • Merriam, S., & Tisdell, E. (2016). Qualitative research: A guide to design and implementation (4th ed.). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
  • Mihardjo, L., Sasmoko, S., Alamsjah, F., & Elidjen, E. (2019). Digital leadership role in developing business model innovation and customer experience orientation in industry 4.0. Management Science Letters, 9(11), 1749-1762.
  • Miles, M. B., & Huberman, A. M. (1994). Qualitative data analysis: A sourcebook. Beverly Hills: Sage Publications.
  • Miller, C. L. (2018). Digital leadership: Using the internet and social media to improve the lives, well-being and circumstances of others. Journal of Family & Consumer Sciences, 110(1), 45-48.
  • Narbona, J. (2016). Digital leadership, twitter and Pope Francis. Church, Communication and Culture, 1(1), 90-109.
  • Oberer, B., & Erkollar, A. (2018). Leadership 4.0: Digital leaders in the age of industry 4.0. International Journal of Organizational Leadership, 7(4), 404- 412.
  • Özmen, Ö. N. T., Eriş, E. D., & Özer, P. S. (2020). Dijital liderlik çalışmalarına bir bakış. Süleyman Demirel Üniversitesi İktisadi ve İdari Bilimler Fakültesi Dergisi, 25(1), 57-69.
  • Petry, T. (2018). Digital leadership. In K. North, R. Majer, & O. Haas (Eds.) Knowledge management in digital change: New findings and practical cases (pp. 209-218). Cham: Springer.
  • Promsri, C. (2019). The developing model of digital leadership for a successful digital transformation. GPH-International Journal of Business Management (IJBM), 2(08), 1-8.
  • Qualman, E. (2012). Digital leader: 5 Simple keys to success and ınfluence. McGraw-Hill Publishing.
  • Raza, B. (2016). Leadersip 4.0 module: Management competencies 1 (Master dissertation), Frankfurt Unıversity of Applied Sciences, Germany.
  • Rudito, P., & Sinaga, M. F. (2017). Digital mastery, Membangun kepemimpinan digital untuk memenangkan era disrupsi. Gramedia Pustaka Utama.
  • Sahyaja, C., & Rao, S. (2018). New leadership in the digital era- A conceptual study on emotional dimensions in relation with intellectual dimensions. International Journal of Civil Engineering and Technology, 9(1), 738-747.
  • Sainger, G. (2018). Leadership in digital age: A study on the role of leader in this era of digital transformation. International Journal on Leadership, 6(1), 1-6.
  • Samuel, C. C. (2000). Modern management diversity, quality, ethics ve the global environment. London: Prentice Hall International Inc.
  • Sheninger, E. (2014). Pillars of digital leadership. International Center for Leadership in Education, 1-4. http://leadershipmedia.net/pdf/LeadingintheDigitalAge_11.14.pdf
  • Sow, M., & Aborbie, S. (2018). Impact of leadership on digital transformation. Business and Economic Research, 8(3), 139-148.
  • Şahin, Ç. Ç., Avcı, Y. E., & Anık, S. (2020). Dijital liderlik algısının metaforlar yoluyla incelenmesi. Elektronik Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi, 19(73), 271-286.
  • Tang, H. K. (1999). An inventory of organizational innovativeness. Technovation, 19(1), 41-51.
  • Tanniru, M. R. (2018). Digital Leadership. In M. Pomffyova (Ed.), Management of information systems. IntechOpen. https://www.intechopen.com/books/management-of-information-systems/digital-leadership
  • Toduk, Y. (2014). 2023 Lideri- Dijital çağın liderlik sırları. İstanbul: Doğan Egmont Yayınları.
  • Toprakçı, E. (2006). Obstacles in Integration of the schools into information and communication technologies according to the opinions of the teachers and principals of primary and secondary schools in Turkey” e-Journal of Instructional Science and Technology (e-JIST) ISSN: 1324-0781. 9(1),1-16. https://ascilite.org/archived-journals/e-jist/docs/vol9_no1/papers/commentary/toprakci.htm
  • Tunca, S. (2018). Proaktif kişilik yapısının ve yenilikçi davranışın görev performansına etkisi (Yayımlanmamış yüksek lisans Tezi). Gebze Teknik Üniversitesi, Gebze, Türkiye.
  • Van De Ven, A. (1986). Central problems in the management of innovation, Management Science, 32, 590-607.
  • Volschenk, F. (2019). Socially responsible digital leadership: A framework for digital organizations. Monarch Management Review, 1-13. https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Francois-Volschenk/research
  • West, M. A., & Farr, J. L. (1989). Innovation at work: Psychological perspectives. Social Behaviour, 4(1), 15–30.
  • Westerman, G., Bonnet, D., & McAfee, A. (2014). Leading digital: Turning technology into business transformation. Boston: Harvard Business Review Press.
  • Wilson III, E. J. (2004). Leadership in the digital age. In G. R. Goethals, G. Sorenson,, & J. M. Burns (Eds.), Encyclopedia of leadership 4 (pp. 858-861).
  • Yazıcı, S. (2000). Rekabetçi avantaj sağlamada yaratıcılık ve yenilik. Verimlilik Dergisi, 3, 79–92.
  • Yıldırım A, & Şimşek H. (2013). Sosyal bilimlerde nitel araştırma yöntemleri (9. Baskı). Ankara: Seçkin Yayıncılık.
  • Zeike, S., Bradbury, K., Lindert, L., & Pfaff, H. (2019). Digital leadership skills and associations with psychological well-being. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 16(14), 2628. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16142628
  • Zhong, L. (2016). The effectiveness of digital leadership at K-12 schools in Mississippi regarding communication and collaboration during CCRS implementation (Doctoral dissertation). The University of Southern Mississippi, Mississippi.
  • Zhong, L. (2017). Indicators of digital leadership in the context of K-12 education. Journal of Educational Technology Development and Exchange (JETDE), 10(1), 27- 40.
  • Zhu, P. (2015). Digital master: Debunk the myths of enterprise digital maturity. Lulu Press, Inc

Dijital Liderlik Nedir? Bir Tanım Önerisi

Year 2021, Volume 12, Issue 3, 68 - 81, 31.08.2021
https://doi.org/10.19160/e-ijer.946094

Abstract

Alanyazın incelendiğinde dijital liderlik kavramının ne olduğu ve nasıl anlaşılması gerektiği konusunun açık bir şekilde anlaşılamadığı ve kavramın tanımına ilişkin bir fikir birliği oluşmadığı görülmektedir. Buradan hareketle bu çalışmada yeni bir kavram olan dijital liderlik ile ilgili çalışmaların incelenerek dijital liderlik kavramına ilişkin bir tanım ortaya koyulması amaçlanmıştır. Araştırmada temel nitel araştırma kullanılmıştır. Araştırma 2012– 2020 yılları arasında dijital liderlik ile ilgili olarak uluslararası alanyazında yer alan ve içinde kavrama ilişkin açık bir tanım bulunan İngilizce çalışmalarla sınırlıdır. Araştırmada veri toplama aracı olarak doküman incelemesi kullanılmıştır. Tarama sonunda belirlenen ölçütlere uygun olarak 13 çalışmaya ulaşılmıştır. Bunlardan üçü kitap, biri kongre bildirisi, ikisi araştırma raporu ve yedisi makaledir. Verilerin analizinde içerik analizi kullanılmıştır. Dijital liderlik ile ilgili yapılan tanımlar değişim, teknolojiyi kullanabilme ve yenilikçilik temaları altında toplanmıştır. Değişim teması altında yer alan tanımlarda değişim, dönüşüm ve vizyon oluşturma kod kavramları ön plana çıkmıştır. Teknolojiyi kullanabilme teması altında dijital araçları kullanma, teknolojiyi kullanma, teknolojiyi yönetebilme kod kavramları; yenilikçilik teması altında ise farklı düşünme, yenilik kültürü ve yeniliğe odaklanma kod kavramları vurgulanmıştır. Bulgular doğrultusunda dijital liderlik kavramına ilişkin tanım önerilmiştir.

References

  • Abbatiello, A., Knight, M., Philpot, S., & Roy, I. (2017). Leadership disrupted: Pushing the boundaries. In Rewriting the rules for the digital age: Global human capital trends (pp. 77-85). London: Deloitte University Press. https://www.slq.qld.gov.au/blog/leadership-disrupted-pushing-boundaries-2017-global-human-capital-trends
  • Ahlquist, J. (2014). Trending now: Digital leadership education using social media and the social change model. Journal of Leadership Studies, 8(2), 57-60.
  • Aksal, F. A. (2015). Okul kültüründe müdürler dijital lider mi? Eğitim ve Bilim, 40(182), 77-86.
  • Arslanhan Memiş, S. (2018). Dijitalleşmenin ekonomik boyutu. H. Aksu, Dijitopya: Dijital dönüşüm yolculuk rehberi içinde. İstanbul: Pusula Yayıncılık.
  • Asri, A. A. S. M. A. N., & Darma, G. S. (2020). Revealing the digital leadership spurs in 4.0 industrial revolution. International Journal of Business, Economics & Management, 3(1), 93-100. https://doi.org/10.31295/ijbem.v3n1.135.
  • Bass, B. M., & Avolio, B. J. (1993). Transformational leadership and organizational culture. Public Administration Quarterly, 17(1), 112-121.
  • Benson, L. E. (2018). Leadership skills in the digital age: Implications for university business schools. Journal of Eastern European and Central Asian Research (JEECAR), 5(2), 80- 89.
  • Bolte, S., Dehmer, J., & Niemann, J. (2018). Digital leadership 4.0. Acta Technica Napocensis-Series: Applied Mathematics, Mechanics, And Engineering, 61(4), 637-646.
  • Creswell, J. W. (2003). Research design: Qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods approaches (2nd edition). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
  • Çalışkan, A., Akkoç, İ., & Turunç, Ö. (2019). Yenilikçi davranış: Bir ölçek uyarlama çalışması. Uluslararası İktisadi ve İdari Bilimler Dergisi, 5(1), 94-111.
  • Çelebi, F. (2021). Dijital çağda liderlik ve girişimcilik. Ankara: İksad Yayınevi.
  • Çelen, A. İ. (2020, Aralık). Dijital dönüşüm sürecinde yükselen bir değer: Dijital liderlik. In H. Karadal, M. N. Efe, A. M. Abubakar, & K. Karadal (Eds.), Proceedıngs e-book (pp. 449-461). Papers presented at International CEO Communication, Economics, Organization & Social Sciences Congress, Bosnia Herzegovina, Gorajde: Dilkur Akademi.
  • Domeny, J. V. (2017). The relationship between digital leadership and digital implementation in elementary schools (Doctoral dissertation). Southwest Baptist University, Bolivar, Missouri.
  • El Sawy, O. A., Kræmmergaard, P., Amsinck, H., & Vinther, A. L. (2016). How LEGO built the foundations and enterprise capabilities for digital leadership. MIS Quarterly Executive, 15(2), 141- 166.
  • Elçi, Ş. (2006). İnovasyon kalkınmanın ve rekabetin anahtarı. Ankara: Pelin Ofset.
  • Fisk, P. (2002). The making of a digital leader. Business Strategy Review, 13(1), 43-50.
  • Gareth, R. J. (2001). Organizational theory and cases. London: Prentice Hall International Inc.
  • Guba, E. G., & Lincoln, Y. S. (2005). Paradigmatic controversies, contradictions and emerging confluences. In. N. K. Denzin, & Y. S. Lincoln (Eds.), The sage handbook of qualitative research (pp. 191-216). Thousands Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications, Inc.
  • Hearsum, S. (2015). How to develop digital leadership capability. Strategic HR Review, 14(5). https://doi.org/10.1108/SHR-08-2015-0059
  • İrge, N. T. (2018, November-December). Digital leadership. In G. Telli, & I. Shelenkova (Eds.), Proceedıngs (pp. 21-27). Papers presented at The International Congress on Business and Marketing, İstanbul, Turkey: Maltepe University.
  • Jakubik, M., & Berazhny, I. (2017, May). Rethinking leadership and it´s practices in the digital Era. In Managing the global economy (pp. 471-483). Papers presented at Management International Conference, Monastier di Treviso, Italy: University of Primorska Press.
  • Jones-Lester, K. E. (2019). School leaders’ activity, implementation, and appropriation of digital integration (Doctoral dissertation). Texas Wesleyan University, Texas.
  • Kane, G. C., Palmer, D., Phillips, A. N., Kiron, D. & Buckley, N., (2019). Accelerating digital innovation inside and out. MIT Sloan Management Review and Deloitte Insights. https://www2.deloitte.com/content/dam/Deloitte/lu/Documents/deloitte-digital/lu-accelerating-digital-innovation.pdf
  • Larjovuori, R. L., Bordi, L., Mäkiniemi, J. P., & Heikkilä-Tammi, K. (2016, September). The role of leadership and employee well-being in organizational digitalization. In T. Russo-Spenaand, & C.Mele (Eds.), What’s ahead in service research? New perspectives for business and society (pp.1141-1154). Papers presented at 26th RESER 2016 Conference, Naples, Italy: University of Naples Federico II.
  • Malakyan, P. G. (2019). Digital leader-followership for the digital age: A North American perspective. In M. Franco (Ed.), Digital leadership -A new leadership style for the 21st century. IntechOpen. https://www.intechopen.com/books/digital-leadership-a-new-leadership-style-for-the-21st-century/digital-leader-followership-for-the-digital-age-a-north-american-perspective
  • Merriam, S., & Tisdell, E. (2016). Qualitative research: A guide to design and implementation (4th ed.). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
  • Mihardjo, L., Sasmoko, S., Alamsjah, F., & Elidjen, E. (2019). Digital leadership role in developing business model innovation and customer experience orientation in industry 4.0. Management Science Letters, 9(11), 1749-1762.
  • Miles, M. B., & Huberman, A. M. (1994). Qualitative data analysis: A sourcebook. Beverly Hills: Sage Publications.
  • Miller, C. L. (2018). Digital leadership: Using the internet and social media to improve the lives, well-being and circumstances of others. Journal of Family & Consumer Sciences, 110(1), 45-48.
  • Narbona, J. (2016). Digital leadership, twitter and Pope Francis. Church, Communication and Culture, 1(1), 90-109.
  • Oberer, B., & Erkollar, A. (2018). Leadership 4.0: Digital leaders in the age of industry 4.0. International Journal of Organizational Leadership, 7(4), 404- 412.
  • Özmen, Ö. N. T., Eriş, E. D., & Özer, P. S. (2020). Dijital liderlik çalışmalarına bir bakış. Süleyman Demirel Üniversitesi İktisadi ve İdari Bilimler Fakültesi Dergisi, 25(1), 57-69.
  • Petry, T. (2018). Digital leadership. In K. North, R. Majer, & O. Haas (Eds.) Knowledge management in digital change: New findings and practical cases (pp. 209-218). Cham: Springer.
  • Promsri, C. (2019). The developing model of digital leadership for a successful digital transformation. GPH-International Journal of Business Management (IJBM), 2(08), 1-8.
  • Qualman, E. (2012). Digital leader: 5 Simple keys to success and ınfluence. McGraw-Hill Publishing.
  • Raza, B. (2016). Leadersip 4.0 module: Management competencies 1 (Master dissertation), Frankfurt Unıversity of Applied Sciences, Germany.
  • Rudito, P., & Sinaga, M. F. (2017). Digital mastery, Membangun kepemimpinan digital untuk memenangkan era disrupsi. Gramedia Pustaka Utama.
  • Sahyaja, C., & Rao, S. (2018). New leadership in the digital era- A conceptual study on emotional dimensions in relation with intellectual dimensions. International Journal of Civil Engineering and Technology, 9(1), 738-747.
  • Sainger, G. (2018). Leadership in digital age: A study on the role of leader in this era of digital transformation. International Journal on Leadership, 6(1), 1-6.
  • Samuel, C. C. (2000). Modern management diversity, quality, ethics ve the global environment. London: Prentice Hall International Inc.
  • Sheninger, E. (2014). Pillars of digital leadership. International Center for Leadership in Education, 1-4. http://leadershipmedia.net/pdf/LeadingintheDigitalAge_11.14.pdf
  • Sow, M., & Aborbie, S. (2018). Impact of leadership on digital transformation. Business and Economic Research, 8(3), 139-148.
  • Şahin, Ç. Ç., Avcı, Y. E., & Anık, S. (2020). Dijital liderlik algısının metaforlar yoluyla incelenmesi. Elektronik Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi, 19(73), 271-286.
  • Tang, H. K. (1999). An inventory of organizational innovativeness. Technovation, 19(1), 41-51.
  • Tanniru, M. R. (2018). Digital Leadership. In M. Pomffyova (Ed.), Management of information systems. IntechOpen. https://www.intechopen.com/books/management-of-information-systems/digital-leadership
  • Toduk, Y. (2014). 2023 Lideri- Dijital çağın liderlik sırları. İstanbul: Doğan Egmont Yayınları.
  • Toprakçı, E. (2006). Obstacles in Integration of the schools into information and communication technologies according to the opinions of the teachers and principals of primary and secondary schools in Turkey” e-Journal of Instructional Science and Technology (e-JIST) ISSN: 1324-0781. 9(1),1-16. https://ascilite.org/archived-journals/e-jist/docs/vol9_no1/papers/commentary/toprakci.htm
  • Tunca, S. (2018). Proaktif kişilik yapısının ve yenilikçi davranışın görev performansına etkisi (Yayımlanmamış yüksek lisans Tezi). Gebze Teknik Üniversitesi, Gebze, Türkiye.
  • Van De Ven, A. (1986). Central problems in the management of innovation, Management Science, 32, 590-607.
  • Volschenk, F. (2019). Socially responsible digital leadership: A framework for digital organizations. Monarch Management Review, 1-13. https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Francois-Volschenk/research
  • West, M. A., & Farr, J. L. (1989). Innovation at work: Psychological perspectives. Social Behaviour, 4(1), 15–30.
  • Westerman, G., Bonnet, D., & McAfee, A. (2014). Leading digital: Turning technology into business transformation. Boston: Harvard Business Review Press.
  • Wilson III, E. J. (2004). Leadership in the digital age. In G. R. Goethals, G. Sorenson,, & J. M. Burns (Eds.), Encyclopedia of leadership 4 (pp. 858-861).
  • Yazıcı, S. (2000). Rekabetçi avantaj sağlamada yaratıcılık ve yenilik. Verimlilik Dergisi, 3, 79–92.
  • Yıldırım A, & Şimşek H. (2013). Sosyal bilimlerde nitel araştırma yöntemleri (9. Baskı). Ankara: Seçkin Yayıncılık.
  • Zeike, S., Bradbury, K., Lindert, L., & Pfaff, H. (2019). Digital leadership skills and associations with psychological well-being. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 16(14), 2628. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16142628
  • Zhong, L. (2016). The effectiveness of digital leadership at K-12 schools in Mississippi regarding communication and collaboration during CCRS implementation (Doctoral dissertation). The University of Southern Mississippi, Mississippi.
  • Zhong, L. (2017). Indicators of digital leadership in the context of K-12 education. Journal of Educational Technology Development and Exchange (JETDE), 10(1), 27- 40.
  • Zhu, P. (2015). Digital master: Debunk the myths of enterprise digital maturity. Lulu Press, Inc

Details

Primary Language Turkish
Subjects Education, Scientific Disciplines
Journal Section Educational Sciences and Sciences of Field Education
Authors

Aydan ORDU (Primary Author)
pamukkale üniversitesi
0000-0002-2068-7992
Türkiye


Funda NAYIR
PAMUKKALE ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0002-9313-4942
Türkiye

Publication Date August 31, 2021
Published in Issue Year 2021, Volume 12, Issue 3

Cite

APA Ordu, A. & Nayır, F. (2021). Dijital Liderlik Nedir? Bir Tanım Önerisi . e-Uluslararası Eğitim Araştırmaları Dergisi , 12 (3) , 68-81 . DOI: 10.19160/e-ijer.946094
Creative Commons Lisansı
Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-SA 4.0)