Year 2014, Volume 5, Issue 3, Pages 19 - 38 2015-01-02

Exploring EFL Teachers' Reflectivity and their Sense of Self-efficacy/İngilizce Öğretmenlerinde Yansıtıcılığın Özyeterliklerini Yordama Gücü

Assoc. Prof. Dr. Sasan Baleghizadeh [1] , Ph.D. Stud. Zahra Javidanmehr [2]

427 585

Abstract Features of EFL/ESL teachers have been investigated by educationists time and again in order to effectuate the education system in reaching its goal main goal, namely learning. Reflectivity and self-efficacy are two main characteristics of teachers which are not delved into thoroughly. Reflection, according to Richards (2008), refers to an activity or process in which an experience is recalled, taken into account, and evaluated, usually in relation to a broader purpose. Teacher self-efficacy, defined in different terms, has one fundamental kernel. It has been referred to as the individual teacher's beliefs in his/her own ability to carry out educational objectives. The present study, adjusting these two constructs, aims at observing whether reflectivity of EFL teachers and the main elements of this reflectivity are capable of predicting those teachers' sense of self-efficacy. On that account, 120 EFL teachers took part in the survey by filling out the related questionnaires. Multiple regression analysis revealed the predicting power of both reflectivity and its sub-elements on teachers' self-efficacy. Correlational results, correspondingly, indicated the relationship between every two components. It was identified that the association between the criterion and exploratory variables is moderately strong (R=.64). Furthermore, the prediction model was statistically significant and accounted for approximately 39% of the variance of teacher self-efficacy. From sub-categories of reflectivity, ethical and critical issues had the highest share in this prediction. Keywords: Reflective teaching, Teacher Self-efficacy, Critical thinking ------------------------ Genişletilmiş Özet Problem: Araştırmanın amacı yansıtmanın öğretmenlerin özyeterliğini yordama gücüne sahip olup olmadığını belirlemektir. Richards 'a (2008) göre yansıtma deneyimlerin önemsendiği, değerlendirildiği bir eylemi ya da bir süreci ifade eder. Öğretmen özyeterliğinin ise farklı şekillerde tanımlanmasına karşın tek bir önemli odak noktası vardır ki o da öğretmenin eğitimsel faaliyetleri yürütülebilme becerisine ilişkin inancıdır. Yöntem: Araştırma 30 erkek 90 kadın olmak üzere İran Shiraz ve Tahran'da İngilizce öğretimi veren çeşitli özel kurumlarda çalışan 120 İngilizce öğretmeni ile yürütülmüştür. Öğretmenler yabancı bir dil olarak İngilizce öğretmektedirler. Öğretmen Yansıtma Ölçeği (Akbari, Behzadpour ve Dadvand, 2010) ve Öğretmen Yeterlik Inançları Ölçeği (Dellinger, Bobbett, Olivier ve Ellett, 2008) kullanılmıştır. Yansıtma ölçeği 6 alt boyutu ile birlikte bağımsız değişken olarak ele alınırken özyeterlik bağımsız değişken olarak ele alınmıştır. Araştırmada ortaya konan hipotezleri test etmek için çoklu regresyon analizi kullanılmıştır. Bu yöntemle araştırmanın iki değişkeni arasındaki ilişki ortaya konmuştur. Bulgular: Öğretmen özyeterliğini yordamak için yapılan çoklu regresyon analizinde öğrenenler, öğretmenler, uygulayıcılar, öğretmenlerin bilişsel gelişimleri, eleştirel faktörler, etik parametreler kullanılmıştır. Araştırmada bağımlı ve bağımsız değişkenler arasındaki ilişki yüksektir (R=.64). Tahminlenen model istatistiksel olarak anlamlıdır F (6, 113) =13.40, p< .001, ve öğretmen özyeterliğinin %39'unu açıklamaktadır (R2= .042, Adjusted R2= .39). Modelde kritik ve etik parametreler orta düzey yordama gücüne sahip öğretmen, öğrenen ve uygulayıcı parametrelerinden (β=.146, β=.154, β= .005) sonra en yüksek ağırlığı almıştır (β=.347, β= .223). Gözlenen korelasyonlar ayrıca özyeterlik ve yansıtmanın uygulanabilir yönü (r=.20, p<.o1) hariç diğer bağımsız değişkenlerle ilişkili olduğunu ortaya koymuştur. Öğretmen özyeterliği öğrenen, kritiklik ve etiklik parametreleri ile orta düzeyde (r=.55, r=58, r=.50), öğretmen, uygulayıcılar ve öğretmenlerin bilişsel düzeyleri ile zayıf bir ilişkidedir (r=.33, r=.20, r=.9). Araştırmada yüksek düzeyde bir ilişki yansıtma alt boyutları arasında görülmüştür. Sonuç: Özyeterlik açısından öğretmen özellikleri incelendiğinde, özyeterliğe sahip öğretmenlerin yabancı bir dil olarak İngilizce öğretmesinde yansıtmanın etkisi önemlidir. Bir başka ifade ile yansıtıcı öğretmen zamanı ve işlemsel öğretimin ve öğrenme deneyiminin tüm içeriğini tasarlar ve bu da o öğretmeni etkili kılar.
Reflective teaching, Teacher Self-efficacy, Critical thinking
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Primary Language en;tr
Journal Section Educational Sciences and Sciences of Field Education
Authors

Author: Assoc. Prof. Dr. Sasan Baleghizadeh

Author: Ph.D. Stud. Zahra Javidanmehr

Bibtex @ { ijer105471, journal = {e-Uluslararası Eğitim Araştırmaları Dergisi}, issn = {}, eissn = {1309-6265}, address = {Mustafa ERSOY}, year = {2015}, volume = {5}, pages = {19 - 38}, doi = {10.19160/e-ijer.57660}, title = {Exploring EFL Teachers' Reflectivity and their Sense of Self-efficacy/İngilizce Öğretmenlerinde Yansıtıcılığın Özyeterliklerini Yordama Gücü}, key = {cite}, author = {Baleghizadeh, Assoc. Prof. Dr. Sasan and Javidanmehr, Ph.D. Stud. Zahra} }
APA Baleghizadeh, A , Javidanmehr, P . (2015). Exploring EFL Teachers' Reflectivity and their Sense of Self-efficacy/İngilizce Öğretmenlerinde Yansıtıcılığın Özyeterliklerini Yordama Gücü. e-Uluslararası Eğitim Araştırmaları Dergisi, 5 (3), 19-38. DOI: 10.19160/e-ijer.57660
MLA Baleghizadeh, A , Javidanmehr, P . "Exploring EFL Teachers' Reflectivity and their Sense of Self-efficacy/İngilizce Öğretmenlerinde Yansıtıcılığın Özyeterliklerini Yordama Gücü". e-Uluslararası Eğitim Araştırmaları Dergisi 5 (2015): 19-38 <http://www.e-ijer.com/issue/8027/105471>
Chicago Baleghizadeh, A , Javidanmehr, P . "Exploring EFL Teachers' Reflectivity and their Sense of Self-efficacy/İngilizce Öğretmenlerinde Yansıtıcılığın Özyeterliklerini Yordama Gücü". e-Uluslararası Eğitim Araştırmaları Dergisi 5 (2015): 19-38
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Exploring EFL Teachers' Reflectivity and their Sense of Self-efficacy/İngilizce Öğretmenlerinde Yansıtıcılığın Özyeterliklerini Yordama Gücü AU - Assoc. Prof. Dr. Sasan Baleghizadeh , Ph.D. Stud. Zahra Javidanmehr Y1 - 2015 PY - 2015 N1 - doi: 10.19160/e-ijer.57660 DO - 10.19160/e-ijer.57660 T2 - e-Uluslararası Eğitim Araştırmaları Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 19 EP - 38 VL - 5 IS - 3 SN - -1309-6265 M3 - doi: 10.19160/e-ijer.57660 UR - https://doi.org/10.19160/e-ijer.57660 Y2 - 2019 ER -
EndNote %0 e-International Journal of Educational Research Exploring EFL Teachers' Reflectivity and their Sense of Self-efficacy/İngilizce Öğretmenlerinde Yansıtıcılığın Özyeterliklerini Yordama Gücü %A Assoc. Prof. Dr. Sasan Baleghizadeh , Ph.D. Stud. Zahra Javidanmehr %T Exploring EFL Teachers' Reflectivity and their Sense of Self-efficacy/İngilizce Öğretmenlerinde Yansıtıcılığın Özyeterliklerini Yordama Gücü %D 2015 %J e-Uluslararası Eğitim Araştırmaları Dergisi %P -1309-6265 %V 5 %N 3 %R doi: 10.19160/e-ijer.57660 %U 10.19160/e-ijer.57660
ISNAD Baleghizadeh, Assoc. Prof. Dr. Sasan , Javidanmehr, Ph.D. Stud. Zahra . "Exploring EFL Teachers' Reflectivity and their Sense of Self-efficacy/İngilizce Öğretmenlerinde Yansıtıcılığın Özyeterliklerini Yordama Gücü". e-Uluslararası Eğitim Araştırmaları Dergisi 5 / 3 (January 2015): 19-38. https://doi.org/10.19160/e-ijer.57660